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American Law Reports*
*Westlaw subscription required
7 A.L.R. Fed. 450
Validity, construction, and application of § 201(b)(1) and related provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C.A. § 2000a(b)(1)), prohibiting discrimination or segregation in inns, hotels, motels, or other establishments providing lodging to transient guests
10 A.L.R. Fed. 220
Validity, construction, and application of § 201(b)(2) and related provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C.A. § 2000a(b)(2)), prohibiting discrimination or segregation in restaurants, cafeterias, and other such facilities principally engaged in selling food for consumption on the premises, and in gasoline stations
49 A.L.R. 505
Constitutionality of "civil rights" legislation by state
Legal Source Index*
The Legal Source database provides indexing and some full-text coverage of scholarly law reviews, bar association publications, yearbooks, and legal journals.
Relevant Keyword/Subject Headings
- Heart of Atlanta Motel v. US
- Katzenbach v. McClung
- Civil Rights Act of 1964
- Commerce Clause
- "Civil Rights" "Commerce Clause"
Westlaw Subscription Required*
MODCONLAW § 35:86*
Modern Constitutional Law: Commerce Clause Protection of Civil Rights by William J. Rich
"In 1966, the Supreme Court Justices noted, “It is also well settled in our decisions that the federal commerce power authorizes Congress to legislate for the protection of individuals from violations of civil rights that impinge on their free movement in interstate commerce." § 35:86.Commerce Clause protection of civil rights, 3 Modern Constitutional Law § 35:86 (3rd ed.)
MODCONLAW § 20:3*
Modern Constitutional Law: The Commerce Clause and Equal Protection by William J. Rich
"Because the Commerce Clause is rooted in congressional power, it also offers a political alternative for the litigants that is not generally available when the Supreme Court issues opinions based on the Equal Protection Clause. Generally, parties who fail in their effort to challenge or defend state legislation under the Commerce Clause remain free to press their claims with Congress, and Congress may exercise its power to effectively reverse the outcome of a Supreme Court decision." § 20:3.The Commerce Clause and equal protection, 1 Modern Constitutional Law § 20:3 (3rd ed.)
MODCONLAW § 20:5*
Modern Constitutional Law: Protection against discrimination based upon race and poverty
"...the Justices chose to use the Commerce Clause to give nonresident indigents an equal opportunity to appreciate life in California."
"Five years later, after the Supreme Court decision in Edwards, the Justices again used the Commerce Clause to accord equal protection in movement across state lines, this time to African Americans rather than indigents. " § 20:5.Protection against discrimination based upon race and poverty, 1 Modern Constitutional Law § 20:5 (3rd ed.)
CIVLIBLIT § 3:90*
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Litigation: The Law of Section 1983 § 3:90. The Commerce Clause
"That is, it is “a self-executing limitation on the power of the States to enact laws imposing substantial burdens on such commerce,”4 a limitation that can be enforced through declaratory and injunctive relief grounded on the commerce clause itself." § 3:90.The commerce clause, 1 Nahmod, Civil Rights & Civil Liberties Litigation: The Law of Section 1983 § 3:90
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15 Am. Jur. 2d Civil Rights § 530
"An air carrier or foreign air carrier may not subject a person in air transportation to discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, or ancestry."