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The website provides two separate databases: U.S. Climate Change Litigation Database and Non-U.S. Climate Litigation Chart.
The U.S. database is a joint project of the Sabin Center for Climate Change Law at Columbia Law School and Arnold & Porter. It tracks the developments in litigation as well as administrative proceedings related to climate change within the United States. The chart is updated monthly and includes over 1000 cases as well as links to over 4500 case documents. It was created in 2007.
The non-U.S. chart was created in 2011 and is regularly updated. There are close to 300 cases as well as case documents available. The U.S. and Non-U.S. cases may be searched through separate search forms or you can browse each database by type of action.
Juliana v. United States
In 2015, a group of youths filed a constitutional climate change lawsuit in the District of Oregon federal court. The group, Earth Guardians, is also a plaintiff along with the youngsters. The complaint asserted that the U.S. government acted in a manner that caused climate change, and by doing so, violated the youths' constitutional rights to life, liberty, and property, as well as the public trust resources. The U.S. government has made numerous motions to dismiss the case. The action was scheduled to begin trial in October 2018, but further motions on behalf of the government delayed the start of the trial. As of March 2019, there is a pending interlocutory appeal in the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals.
Urgenda Foundation v. Kingdom of the Netherlands
The case was brought by the Urgenda Foundation on behalf of the group and around 900 Dutch citizens claiming that the Kingdom of the Netherlands was responsible for contributing to climate change and all of its ensuing dangers. In June of 2015, the District Court ruled that the Dutch government needed to cut greenhouse gas emissions by at least 25% of 1990 levels by the end of 2020. The Dutch government appealed the case and in October 2018, the The Hague Court of Appeal upheld the 2015 decision.
25 Children and Youth v. Government of Colombia
The group Dejusticia brought a lawsuit on behalf of 25 children against the Colombian government alleging that deforestation in the Amazon and increasing temperatures threaten their right to a healthy environment, life, health, water, and food. In April 2018, the Supreme Court of Justice of Colombia granted the plaintiffs' petition and ordered the President and Ministries of Environment and Agriculture to create an intergenerational pact for the life of the Amazon in Colombia. In doing so, the court ruled that the Amazon is an entity that is entitled to rights, and the state must protect, conserve, maintain, and restore the forest. The government was ordered to have a plan within 4 months to reduce deforestation. Municipalities in the Amazon were ordered to update their land management plans within 5 months in order to develop a plan to reduce deforestation to 0.