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54 U.S.C. § 306108
Section 106 of the NHPA. Formerly codified at 16 U.S.C. § 470f. Section 106 protects properties listed on the Register or eligible for listing on the Register by requiring agencies to take into account impacts on those properties before undertaking any work.
54 U.S.C. §§ 302101-302108
Section 101 of the NHPA. Formerly codified at 16 U.S.C. § 470(a). This section establishes the National Register of Historic Places.
54 U.S.C. §§ 304101-304112
Section 201 of the NHPA. Formerly codified at 16 U.S.C. § 470i. Establishes the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation.
54 U.S.C. §§ 306101-306114
Section 110 of the NHPA. Formerly codified at 16 U.S.C. 470h-2. Enumerates the historic preservation obligations of federal agencies.
36 C.F.R. pt. 60
Regulations related to the National Register of Historic Places.
36 C.F.R. pt. 61
Regulatory procedures for state, tribal, and local government historic preservation programs.
36 C.F.R. pt. 63
Regulations detailing eligibility for inclusion in the National Register for Historic Places.
36 C.F.R. pt. 65
Regulations related to the National Historic Landmarks Program.
36 C.F.R. pt. 800
Regulations related to the Section 106 process.
Antiquities Act of 1906
First federal statute covering historic preservation of more than one site. Authorized the President to designate landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic and scientific interest.
Historic Sites Act of 1935
Authorized the Department of the Interior to create a list of places of national significance. Also organized federally owned parks, monuments, and historic sites under the National Park Service.
Archaeological and Historic Preservation Act (AHPA)
Passed in 1974, this grants greater powers to the Secretary of the Interior than those in the Historic Sites Act. Requires federal agencies to preserve historical and archaeological data that might not otherwise be protected.
Archaeological Resources Protection Act
Passed in 1979, this law regulates the excavation or removal of archaeological resources on public and Indian lands.
Abandoned Shipwreck Act (ASA)
Passed in 1987, this law resolves the question of title to abandoned shipwrecks.
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act
Passed in 1990, this law protects human remains and cultural items on federal and tribal lands from unauthorized excavation and removal.
Section 4(f) of the Transportation Act of 1966
This provision provided substantive protection for historic resources threatened by federal action. Applicable only to federal transportation programs, it requires the Department of Transportation to consider historic lands in any project it undertakes. Moving ahead would occur if there is no prudent and feasible alternative to the historic site and with consideration and planning to minimize harm to the protected site.