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Student Project: Searches and Seizures of Automobiles: New York State Law

This research guide facilitates the analysis of the Fourth Amendment for searches and seizures of automobiles under federal and New York State law.

New York State Constitution

Security against unreasonable searches, seizures and interceptions

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

The right of the people to be secure against unreasonable interception of telephone and telegraph communications shall not be violated, and ex parte orders or warrants shall issue only upon oath or affirmation that there is reasonable ground to believe that evidence of crime may be thus obtained, and identifying the particular means of communication, and particularly describing the person or persons whose communications are to be intercepted and the purpose thereof.

N.Y. Const. art. I, § 12


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