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Fracking is used in Alabama to gain access to oil and natural gas in shale plays as well as natural gas contained in coalbed methane in the Black Warrior Basin in the north of the state.
LEAF v. EPA, 276 F.3d 1253 (2001).
Case decided by the Eleventh Circuit brought by an environmental group seeking review of EPA approval of Alabama's underground injection control program for injection of hydraulic fracturing fluids. The foundation alleged that the plan violated the Safe Drinking Water Act. The court held that the program could be approved under a flexible provision of the Act.
LEAF v. EPA, 118 F.3d 1467 (1997).
Environmental foundation sought to require the EPA to regulate hydraulic fracturing under the Underground Injection Control (UIC) programs established by the Safe Water Drinking Act. The court held that hydraulic fracturing activities do constitute underground injection under the act and do require EPA regulation as such.
The Geological Survey of Alabama and the Oil and Gas Board of Alabama play roles in the regulation of fracking in the state.