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The National Labor Relations Board is an independent federal agency created by Congress in 1935 to administer the National Labor Relations Act, the primary law governing relations between unions and employers in the private sector. The statute guarantees the right of employees to organize and to bargain collectively with their employers or to refrain from all such activity. Generally applying to all employers involved in interstate commerce--other than airlines, railroads, agriculture, and government--the Act implements the national labor policy of assuring free choice and encouraging collective bargaining as a means of maintaining industrial peace. Through the years, Congress has amended the Act and the Board and courts have developed a body of law drawn from the statute.
National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)
The National Labor Relations Board is an independent federal agency vested with the power to safeguard employees' rights to organize and to determine whether to have unions as their bargaining representative. The agency also acts to prevent and remedy unfair labor practices committed by private sector employers and unions.
National Labor Relations Board Resources
National Labor Relations Act
Congress enacted the National Labor Relations Act ("NLRA") in 1935 to protect the rights of employees and employers, to encourage collective bargaining, and to curtail certain private sector labor and management practices, which can harm the general welfare of workers, businesses and the U.S. economy.
NLRB Advice Memoranda
Advice memos released to the public since 1996; includes memos with issuance dates back to 1970.
Decisions of the Board, Regional Directors and Administrative Law Judges (ALJs) are filed online and are offered in PDF and HTML format. CiteNet, the NLRB's searchable database, contains an index of Board decisions and related court decisions, beginning in February 1992.
Research and Functional Guidance
The NLRB offers many resources on this site, where labor professionals, lawyers and the general public can learn more about the Agency's mission and how the National Labor Relations Act affects the private sector workplace in the U.S.
Rights Protected by the NLRB
The National Labor Relations Board protects the rights of most private-sector employees to join together, with or without a union, to improve their wages and working conditions. If you believe your rights have been violated, or that an employer or a union has engaged in unlawful conduct, you may file a charge through one of our regional offices. Petitions for representation and decertification elections may also be filed at regional offices.