The term Environmental Crime, a subdivision of white collar crime (sometimes called "green collar crime") has been used since the 1970s to refer to criminal "statutory offenses involving harm to the environment, such as a violation of the criminal provisions in the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1970, the Federal Pollution Control Act of 1972 . . . or the Endangered Species Act." This research guide was prepared to complement the New York State Judicial Institute's October 26-28, 2011 Conference for the Detection of Environmental Crimes. As a result, this guide has been designed specifically to assist judges with deciphering the scientific and technical data involved with most environmental criminal offenses. However, this guide will also assist both the novice and the experienced legal practitioner in locating resources related to federal environmental criminal law. For further information about the substantive provisions of the various environmental statutes consult our research guide on Environmental Legal Research.
 Jane F. Barrett, "Green Collar" Criminals: Why Should They Receive Special Treatment?, 8 Md. J. Contemp. Legal issues 107 (1997); Michael M. O'Hear, Sentencing the Green-Collar Offender: Punishment, Culpability, and Environmental Crime, 95 J. Crim. L. & Criminology 133 (2004).
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